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Industry 5.0 cobot and human

Is Industry 5.0 a new challenge or a lifeline for humanity?

Industry 5.0 is a relatively new concept that is a logical extension of Industry 4.0. Industry 5.0, using the technologies of Industry 4.0, moves further in the interaction of people, machines, and artificial intelligence systems. 

The promotion of the idea of Industry 5.0 began in 2017 with scattered research initiatives. It was only in 2021 that the European Commission officially called for the Fifth Industrial Revolution (Industry 5.0) and began drafting policies and documents to support its development.

Industry 5.0 is a model of the next level of industrialization characterized by the return of manpower to factories, distributed production, intelligent supply chains and hyper customization, all aimed to deliver a tailored customer experience time after time.

Frost & Sullivan

Industry 5.0 involves the integration of robots and smart machines with humans, supporting the goals of sustainability and sustainable development, as well as the green transition and circular economy. Industry 5.0 aims to bring human, environmental, and social aspects back into production processes after Industry 4.0 focused on technology. 

Industry 5.0 strategies and policies

The main strategies of Industry 5.0 are human-centeredness, resilience to global challenges, including natural disasters, pandemics (Covid-19), and military conflicts, and sustainability concerning climate change, the transition from reducing negative impact to creating a positive impact on the environment.

Industry 5.0 policies are aimed at ensuring that closer interaction between people and technology will bring production to a new level of excellence. It is expected that people will perform intelligent work that requires critical thinking and an out-of-the-box approach, and machines will safely assist people in performing precise, difficult, and dangerous work.

Industry 5.0 recognizes the power of industry to achieve societal goals beyond jobs and growth to become a resilient provider of prosperity, by making production respect the boundaries of our planet and placing the wellbeing of the industry worker at the centre of the production process.

European Commission

Industry 5.0 will change the basic approach to robot design and manufacturing. Robots should become not only a machine for performing repetitive tasks but an ideal and safe companions for humans. Such robots already exist and are called “collaborative robots” or “cobots,” but the introduction of Industry 5.0 should expand and deepen developments in this area. 

Main differences between Industry 4.0 and Industry 5.0

Industry 4.0 is technology-oriented, focusing on digitalization and machine-to-machine communication through cyber-physical systems and technologies. The main technologies used by Industry 4.0 are the Internet of Things (IoT), the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT), big data analytics, artificial intelligence, OT and IT convergence, virtualization, and robotics.

There is a fundamental change in the approach to production. While Industry 4.0 is focused on technology and technological progress, Industry 5.0 is about integrating human values into technology for sustainable development. Industry 5.0 seeks to reconcile man and machine to improve tools and increase production efficiency.

Industry 5.0 does not replace the Industry 4.0 approach but expands it to include human interests, moving to a broader concept of social value and well-being, while continuing to use and develop all technologies from the previous stage of development. 

Industry 4.0, like previous industrial revolutions, involved the elimination of people from production. Industry 5.0, on the other hand, involves active, safe, and productive interaction.  

Deepening product personalization in Industry 5.0

Industry 5.0 offers personalized products, both in B2B and B2C, that can be highly customized to the customer’s requirements using advanced technologies such as machine learning (ML), artificial intelligence (AI), computer vision, and the Internet of Things (IoT). Personalized products increase customer satisfaction in modern business. 


Thus, Industry 5.0 differs from Industry 4.0 in its focus on social justice, sustainability, and mass personalization. 

Highly skilled workers control smart machines and robots to make them work better and faster together with cobots in Industry 5.0. In this way, Industry 5.0 achieves greater collaboration between humans and machines, integrating human values into technology for sustainable development.

The European Commission’s perspective on Industry 5.0

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